FLUENT ENGLISH

Let's enjoy English!

~ 頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “CHEERING PEOPLE UP”

10-31-13 Cheer

Cheering People Up
Sometimes other people around us feel a bit down or unhappy about something. Here are ten phrases you can use to try to make them feel better...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) Cheer up! / Chin up!
2) Smile!
3) It's not the end of the world.
4) Worse things happen at sea.
5) Look on the bright side........
6) Every cloud (has a silver lining).
7) Practice makes perfect.
8) There are plenty more fish in the sea.
9) Lighten up!
10) There's no use crying over spilt milk.


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrases 1 and 2 are informal and can be used when someone looks unhappy.
2) Phrases 3 and 4 are well-known sayings which can be used to console someone who feel that things are very bad. They should probably not be used if things really are very bad.
3) Phrases 5 and 6 are suggesting that the other person should try to see the positive side of the situation.
4) Phrase 7 is used to encourage and cheer up a person who is finding something difficult or feeling frustrated about not being able to do something.
5) Phrase 8 is used specifically to cheer up somebody who has just finished a relationship. The speaker is trying to encourage them to look for a new partner.
6) Phrases 9 and 10 can seem less sympathetic and suggest that the person needs to forget what has happened and move on.

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~ 頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “CHANGING YOUR MIND”

10-30-13 Change

Changing Your Mind
Sometimes you make a decision or you think you know an answer and a short time later, you realise that you were wrong. Here are ten things we can say or write when in this kind of situation...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) (Actually,) I've changed my mind.
2) On second thoughts...
3) Come to think of it...
4) I've had a change of heart.
5) Hang on a minute / a second.
6) I've had a bit of a rethink.
7) Did I really say that?
8) What was I thinking?
9) On reflection...
10) After further consideration...

How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) All of the phrases are used immediately before a sentence containing our new (revised ideas). Phrases 1, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 are whole sentences and the other phrases are sentence adverbs.
2) Phrase 1 is quite neutral in tone and can be used informally and formally.
3) Phrases 3 and 4 are quite informal. Phrase 3 is nearly always used in speech while phrase 4 can be spoken or written.
4) We say phrase 5 at the moment when we realise we were previously wrong. It is very informal and only ever used in spoken English.
5) Phrase 6 suggests that the speaker hasn't completely changed their previous ideas but has just altered them a little. But this phrase is sometimes used ironically to mean a total change of position.
6) Phrases 7 and 8 are quite informal and are used by the speaker to criticise their own previous (wrong) idea or decision.
7) Phrases 9 and 10 are more formal than the others and are usually used in writing. Phrase 10 is especially useful for formal letters to explain why we no longer want to do something we previously agreed to do.

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~ 頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “BORING”

10-29-13 Bored

Boring!
Sometimes other people are really excited about things that you find boring. Here are ten phrases to tell people how tedious you find something, but be careful you don't offend them...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) How boring / tedious / dull !
2) What a bore!
3) It bores me to tears.
4) It leaves me cold.
5) It does nothing for me.
6) It's as dull as ditch-water.
7) I can't see what all the fuss is about.
8) It's as interesting as watching paint dry
9) I'm afraid I don't share your enthusiasm..
10) I can't say that I find it interesting.


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrases 1, 2, 3 and 6 are really very strong. You can say this to somebody who probably agrees or who you know will not be offended.
2) Phrases 4 and 5 are saying that you feel no emotion at all about a certain thing or topic.
3) Phrase 7 means that other people are interested in the subject but that you cannot understand why they are interested.
4) Phrase 8 is saying that it is extremely boring by comparing it to watching paint drying - which most people consider a very boring activity.
5) Phrases 9 and 10 are more polite. However, you are still saying something negative so you may want to soften it by saying “I'm afraid...” or “I'm sorry to say...”

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~ 頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “BEING WORRIED”

10-28-13 Worried

Being worried
Sometimes we think that something bad is going to happen in the future or we think something bad has already happened. Here are ten ways to say you're worried about something...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) I'm (so) worried about...
2) I'm afraid...
3) I can't help thinking...
4) I can't stop thinking about it.
5) I've been worried sick about...
6) It's been keeping me awake at night.
7) I'm scared stiff / to death that...
8) I'm really nervous.
9) I've got butterflies in my stomach.
10) I'm absolutely dreading...


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) We follow phrases 1, 5 and 10 with a noun, noun phrase or a gerund (-ing form).
2) We follow 2, 3, 7 with a sentence or clause saying what we think will happen (e.g “I'm afraid he'll find out what happened”.)
3) Phrase 1 is a general statement of worry or concern. The word “so” makes the statement much stronger.
4) Phrases 3 and 4 are saying that the person is always thinking about the problem.
5) Phrases 5 and 6 are saying that the person is worried now and that they have been feeling it for a long time before.
6) Phrases 2, 7, 8 and 9 are saying the person is worried about something that is going to happen and also is worried about their ability to manage the situation.
7) Phrase 10 is saying that something unavoidable is going to happen and the speaker is really not looking forward to it.

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~ 頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “MAKING SMALL TALK”

10-26-13 small talk

Making small talk
"Small talk" means conversation about things that aren't really very important, especially with people we don't meet very often. You might use them at a party...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) You must be Susan's husband?
2) How's your wife / friend?
3) Nice weather, isn't it?
4) What's new?
5) I haven't seen you for ages.
6) What have you been up to?
7) Are you still working for the same firm?
8) Have you heard from Jenny recently?
9) What a coincidence!
10) Fancy meeting you here!


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrase 1 is used to introduce yourself to someone, when you think you know who the person is.
2) Phrase 2 is used to ask the person you are talking to for information about someone close to them.
3) Phrase 3 is used when you can't think of anything else to talk about. If the weather is bad, you could say “Rotten weather, isn't it?” instead.
4) Phrases 4 and 6 are general enquiries, asking for news about a person.
5) Phrases 7 and 8 are more specific than 4 and 6, but are still enquiries for information.
6) Phrase 5 has a similar meaning to 4 and 6, but is expressed as a statement rather than a question.
7) Phrases 9 and 10 are used to express surprise when you meet someone you weren't expecting to meet.


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~ 頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “GIVING YOUR OPINION”

10-26-13 Opinion

Giving your opinion

We often give our opinions to friends and colleagues. Here are ways of giving your opinion about A vs B...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) In my opinion, this one would be better.
2) To my mind this one's better.
3) If you ask me, this one's better.
4) To my way of thinking, this one's fine.
5) In my view, this one is best.
6) Know what I think? That one's best.
7) I'd say tomorrow that one's better.
8) What I think is that one's better.
9) For me, that one's better.
10) I tell you what I think, that one's best.


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) “In my opinion” is the classic expression - but it's not the only one. Use moderately.
2) “To my mind” is a common spoken form - and you can use it in writing, too.
3) “If you ask me” is very, very common in spoken English, and can come first or last in a sentence.
4) “To my way of thinking” is often used with emphasis on “my” to give a strong opinion.
5) “In my view” is common in spoken and written English.
6) The abbreviated question “(Do you) know what I think?” is very popular and is not rude.
7) The conditional structure I'd say is rarely taught as a conditional, but this is one of the most common ways of giving an opinion in English.
8) “For me” is like 2 and 5.
9) 10 is similar to 6, and is quite direct.

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~ 頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “GIVING AN OPINION”

10-25-13 Opinion

Giving an opinion
It is very important to show people when you are saying an opinion and show that it is not a fact. Recently it is more common to do so, but giving an opinion as a fact is traditionally not very polite in the UK.


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) I reckon...
2) I'd say...
3) Personally, I think...
4) What I reckon is...
5) If you ask me...
6) The way I see it...
7) As far as I'm concerned...
8) If you don't mind me saying...
9) I'm utterly convinced that...
10) In my humble opinion...


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) We follow all the phrases with a sentence or clause that shows the speaker's opinion.
2) Phrases 1 - 3 are really quite informal. You can use these phrases when you are discussing something with friends or people who you know well.
3) In phrase 1, “reckon” is a very common word in the UK today. It means “I think” but generally British people use the word “reckon” much more often than “think”.
4) Phrases 5, 6 and 7 are all quite polite and show clearly that the statement is only an opinion.
5) Phrase 8 is more polite because it says to the other speaker that they might not agree with what you are saying.
6) Phrase 9 shows a very strong opinion. The speaker has no doubt at all that it is true.
7) Phrase 10 is the most polite expression of the ten. It is often written on the Internet as the abbreviation ‘IMHO' or 'imho'.

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~ 頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “GIVING A CHOICE”

10-24-13 Choices

Giving a choice
Sometimes you want everybody to do something you want or you want something done in a certain way. But other times you are happy for other people to choose. Here are ten phrases to give people that option...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) You choose.
2) It's up to you.
3) (You can) do what / as you like.
4) Do as you please.
5) The choice is yours.
6) Make up your own mind.
7) It's fine by me if you want to...
8) It's no skin off my nose.
9) It's your decision.
10 Don't mind me.


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrase 1 is simple but a little impolite in formal situations. To make it more polite say “I'm happy for you to choose”.
2) Phrase 2 means that the other person can and must decide. The speaker will not give an opinion.
3) Phrases 3 and 4 mean that the speaker has no interest in what decision you make. You can do anything you like. Phrase 4 is slightly more ‘cool’, in that “I don’t really care what you decide to do”.
4) Phrase 5 means that you have to make a choice because the speaker will not help you to choose.
5) Phrase 6 is telling the other person to make a decision or to form an opinion about something.
6) Phrases 7 and 8 are saying that the speaker is happy for the other person to make a choice. The other person probably thought that the speaker wouldn't like it and the speaker is correcting this impression.
7) Phrase 9 is saying that the other person can make a decision.
8) Phrase 10 is telling the other person to make their choice or continue with an activity and to not worry about what the speaker thinks. Sometimes this phrase is used ironically.

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~ 頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “GET...”

10-23-13 GET

Get - short phrases
In a good dictionary, the word “get” covers two or more pages because there are so many phrases made with “get”. Here are ten exclamations we often use...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) Get ready
2) Get out / get out of here
3) Get lost
4) Get going
5) Get a move on / Get moving
6) Get a life
7) Get well soon
8) Get real
9) Get out of my / the way
10) Get stuffed


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) We say phrase 1 to somebody to warn them that they need to be prepared for something soon.
2) We say phrase 2 to somebody when we want them to leave. Depending on the tone of voice this can be quite strong and possibly offensive.
3) Phrase 3 is stronger than phrase 2 and means that we want the person to leave and we don't care where they go.
4) We say phrase 4 means that we want somebody to start an activity or start going somewhere.
5) We say phrase 5 to somebody when we want them to go faster or make faster progress with a task.
6) We say phrase 6 to somebody who spends a lot of time on a boring or pointless task.
7) We say phrase 7 to somebody who is unwell. This phrase is often written on greetings cards that we send to people who are sick.
8) We say phrase 8 to somebody who has an unrealistic idea or expects something that is impossible or very unlikely.
9) We say phrase 9 to somebody who is blocking our path. This is actually not polite and it is more polite to simply say 'excuse me'.
10) We say phrase 10 to somebody who we want to show great disrespect to. It is very rude and may cause the other person to react angrily / violently.

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~ 頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “GENERALISING”

10-22-13 Generalisation

Generalising

There are many phrases in English that we can use when we want to say that something is true most of the time but not all the time...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) Ninety percent of the time...
2) Nine times out of ten...
3) More often than not...
4) Usually...
5) As a rule (of thumb)...
6) What normally happens is...
7) In general...
8) Generally speaking...
9) On the whole...
10) By and large...

How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrases 1 and 2 refer to numbers. These numbers are not literal.
2) Phrases 3 and 4 refer to the high frequency of the statement being true.
3) In phrase 5, a “Rule of thumb” is a system of judgement that we use when it isn't possible to be precise.
4) Phrase 6 is followed by a sentence describing the normal event, occurrence or situation.
5) Phrases 7 and 8 are formal and can be used in official or scientific writing.
6) Phrases 9 and 10 are less formal but are used in some business correspondence.

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~ 頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “FORGETTING THINGS”

10-21-13 Forgot

Forgetting things
Sometimes we can't remember things from the past and sometimes we forget to do important things in the present. We can use these ten phrases for these situations...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) (I'm afraid) I can't remember.
2) I completely forgot.
3) My mind's gone blank.
4) (Sorry) I have no memory of...
5) (I'm afraid) it doesn't ring a bell.
6) I have no recollection of...
7) Sorry, I forgot.
8) I simply forgot to do it.
9) What was I thinking of?
10) Oh no, it completely slipped my mind.


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrases 1 - 6 are for things in the past that we can't remember.
2) Phrases 7 - 10 are for things that we forgot to do in the present.
3) Phrase 3 gives the idea that I don't remember now but I might remember some time later.
4) Phrases 4, 5 and 6 mean that you don't even remember that you knew the information at one time in the past.
5) Phrase 5 means that a name, place or face is completely unfamiliar when you see or hear it again.
6) Phrase 9 suggests that the speaker is angry with himself or herself for forgetting to do something.

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~ 頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “FACIAL EXPRESSIONS”

10-20-13 Expression

Facial expressions

You can often understand how people are feeling from the expressions on their faces. Here are ten facial expressions we often use...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) She had a broad smile on her face.
2) He was wearing a frown.
3) She gave a grimace. She winced.
4) She gave me a dirty look!
5) He looked down his nose at her.
6) She raised her eyebrows when she saw me.
7) The children were beaming from ear to ear.
8) Why the long face?
9) He was purple with rage.
10) If looks could kill...


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrase 1 means that the person was very happy and her mouth was showing a very clear smile.
2) Phrase 2 means that he was looking annoyed or concerned and his eyebrows were lowered and forehead wrinkled.
3) In phrases in 3, a wince or a grimace are expressions of pain and / or disapproval. They are brief reactions to something unpleasant.
4) In phrase 4 a “dirty look” is a way of showing anger or disapproval. The person stared hard at me in an unfriendly way.
5) Phrase 5 means that the person is showing that he thinks the other person is “lower” in importance or social status. He probably looks at her with his head tilted back.
6) In phrase 6, people in the UK raise their eyebrows to show surprise or disapproval.
7) Phrase 7 means that the children were very happy and had big smiles on their faces.
8) Phrase 8 is a very common question that we ask when somebody looks very sad.
9) In phrase 9, the person is so angry that parts of his face has changed colour to purple.
10) Phrase 10 is (nearly always) an unfinished conditional sentence. It means that the other person was looking very angrily or aggressively at somebody.

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~ 頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “BEING SURE / CERTAIN”

10-19-13 LUCKY

Being Lucky
Sometimes a small chance event or decision can make the difference between a happy ending and an utter disaster. For such situations, here are ten expressions that you can use ...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) It's a good thing (that)...
2) It's just as well...
3) Fortunately, / Luckily,...
4) As luck would have it...
5) That was a stroke of luck.
6) It's lucky...
7) It's very/most fortunate (that)...
8) That was a close thing / near miss
9) It must be your lucky day!
10) You lucky thing! / You jammy bastard!


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) We use phrases 1 and 2 when something has prevented a disaster. We follow the phrases with a clause that describes the fortunate action or circumstance. They are both fairly informal.
2) We use phrases 3 and 4 when we are re-telling a story and they are followed by some aspect of the situation that prevented a disaster from happening.
3) Phrase 5 is often used to react to a lucky story that somebody has told you. You can also use it to comment on your own good fortune at the time it occurs.
4) We use phrases 5, 6 and 7 in a similar way to phrases 1, 2 and 3. For example “It's lucky you weren't wearing your best clothes when you fell over”.
5) We use phrase 8 when we have experienced a near disaster that was only just avoided.
6) Phrases 9 and 10 are used to say that you think another person has been lucky. “You jammy bastard” is very informal and only used with people who you know very well.

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~ 何時も言う言葉 “IF NOTHING CHANGES...”

10-18-13 CHANGE

You hear me say this a lot -> because it has a very strong meaning that ‘sinks in’ and hits you where it should, in order to make things better...

“If Nothing Changes, Nothing Changes!”

Read it out aloud and then read it again, and again;

“If Nothing Changes, Nothing Changes!”

It works for everyone, for everything ~ work, hobbies, exercise, relationships, study, EVERYTHING;

“IF NOTHING CHANGES, NOTHING CHANGES!”

‘Be’ that change for the better you and better everyone ...


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~ LOVELY AUTUMN SKIES ~

10-17-13 Autumn

I hope you are enjoying the lovely skies and freshness in the air ~ it makes such a sweet change to the immense heat and humidity that we all go through during the summer months.

Relaxing by a river or lake or by the sea makes such a tranquil atmosphere for writing a story or poem, don’t you think? (May be I should write some more poems.)

Who out there likes to write poems or wants to start writing them? Let me know and let’s do it together ...


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~ “GONE WITH THE WIND” ~

10-16-13 WIND

This time it is not the name of the film (though it is a ‘classic’ that is worth watching) but the wind did blow away the rain pretty quickly and we were able to get back to the lovely Autumn skies, even though it was rather breezy today.

Hopefully you didn’t have too much rain that caused your garden or roads around where you live to have floods. Yes, I know we needed some rain to make the grass greener but I don’t think that the Heavens needed to open that much!

Fingers-crossed that this is the last typhoon of the season ~ we’ve had enough don’t you think? Let’s look forward to clear and sunny skies tomorrow ~ take an English book or magazine to the park and improve your English in a natural and enjoyable way . . .


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~ RAIN, RAIN GO AWAY ... ~

10-15-13 RAIN

“Rain rain go away,
Come again another day.”


&

“It’s raining cats and dogs.”


If you are out right now, I’m sure you already have your ‘brolly’ (umbrella) with you, just don’t forget it on the train when you go home!

Actually, until just now it was only ‘drizzling’, but it has started to ‘rain cats and dogs’, so wrap up and try to stay dry ~

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~ IT’S A NATIONAL HOLIDAY ~

10-14-13 JHols
So what did you get up to today? Once in a while it is so nice to have a long-weekend ~ I hope you took advantage of the lovely weather we had today and were out in the fresh air.

Did you go out for a drive or ride in the mountains or to the beach? I hope you had a wonderful day ~ see you tomorrow ...


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頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “BEING SURE / CERTAIN”

10-13-13 Sure

Being sure / certain

Sometimes we know that we are right about something. When we feel confident of our facts, we show other people how certain we are by using one of the following ten phrases...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) I'm quite sure...
2) I'm absolutely positive...
3) I'm fairly / quite certain...
4) It must be right.
5) I know...
6) It's definitely...
7) You can be sure...
8) I've no doubt at all that...
9) I'm a hundred percent certain that...
10 I'm (utterly) convinced...


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) All phrases are followed by a sentence or clause.
2) Phrases 1, 2, and 3 are very strong and show that you really are certain.
3) Phrase 4 is a little less strong than the others. There is just a little doubt in the speaker's mind.
4) Phrases 7 and 8 are used especially for reassuring other people who don't believe.
5) Phrases 9 and 10 are saying that there is no doubt at all. What you are saying is a fact.


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頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “BEING RICH”

10-12-13 Rich

Being rich

The UK is one of the richest countries in the world and some of the world's richest people are from the UK or live here. Here are ten ways of saying somebody has or earns a lot...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) A wealthy person
2) A comfortably-off person
3) High-earning / Top-earning executives
4) She's well-off / well-heeled
5) I'm not short of a bob or two
6) He's rolling in it
7) They're filthy rich
8) They're a bit nouveau-riche
9) A millionaire friend of mine...
10) Fat cats


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) In 1, wealthy is a general word that says that somebody has a lot of money.
2) Phrase 2 is less strong. A 'comfortably-off' person has enough money not to be worried about money.
3) Phrase 3 are adjectives meaning that the person gets a high salary.
4) Phrase 4 means that the person has a lot of money in the bank.
5) Phrase 5 is an informal / colloquial expression which has a similar meaning to 4.
6) Phrases 6 and 7 mean that the person has a ridiculous amount of money - more than they need.
7) Phrase 8 means that the people have made a lot of money recently and are spending it very quickly.
8) In 9, 'millionaire' can be used as an adjective as well as a noun.
9) In 10, 'fat cats' are top executives who earn enormous salaries. In the late nineties there were a series of scandals about the high salaries of bosses of failed companies.

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頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “BEING RELIEVED”

10-11-13 Relief

Being relieved
Sometimes we think that something terrible is going to happen and then in the end it doesn't happen at all. Here are ten phrases that we use to show our relief...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) Phew!
2) Thank God (for that)!
3) What a relief!
4) I'm so relieved to hear that.
5) You had me worried (there / for a moment).
6) That's a weight off my mind.
7) You've no idea what a relief it is to hear that!
8) That's one less thing to worry about.
9) What a stroke of luck!
10) (Oh well.) All's well that ends well!


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrase 1 is very informal and is normally said with a rising then falling intonation.
2) Phrase 2 is religious in origin and may offend some very traditional or religious people. But most English people do say this.
3) Phrases 3 and 4 are general expressions for showing relief.
4) Phrases 5 and 6 are showing how much we were worried before.
5) Phrase 7 is telling the other speaker how happy you are to hear the good news.
6) Phrase 8 is saying that you are relieved about one thing but that you still have many other things to worry about.
7) Phrase 9 is saying how lucky you feel that bad things didn't happen. This phrase is most common when talking about relief but we also use it for general good luck.
8) Phrase 10 is an old saying that means that now the problem is finished you are not going to worry any more about the situation.

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頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “BEING POOR”

10-10-13 Poor

Being poor
Britain is one of the richest countries in the world. But if you visit Britain you will see that some people have a lot less money than others. Here are ten ways of saying “poor”...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) He's short of cash / hard-up
2) She's got cash-flow problems
3) They were destitute
4) He's on the bread line
5) She's in debt / overdrawn / bankrupt
6) He's doing a minimum-wage job
7) Low-income families
8) She's on the dole
9) Below the poverty line
10) Those less fortunate than ourselves


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrase 1 means that the person doesn't have enough money to pay for everyday things.
2) Phrase 2 means that the person has problems with money but it's maybe only for a short time.
3) In 3, people who are “destitute” have no money, no food and nowhere to live.
4) In 4, a person “on the bread line” is very poor and in the past in the UK, could stand in a line and receive free bread from a charity.
5) In 5, a person “in debt” owes money to somebody, if she is “overdrawn” she owes money to the bank and if she is “bankrupt” she has all her debts cancelled because she can never pay them.
6) In 6, a minimum-wage job pays the smallest amount legal in the UK. This current amount (as of 10th Oct. 2013) is six pounds, thirty pence an hour.
7) Phrase 7 is a common expression used by politicians and in the media when talking about social issues.
8) Phrase 8 means that the person has no job and is receiving financial help from the government. This word became popular in the early eighties when many UK people were out of work.
9) In 9, “the poverty line” describes a minimum level of income needed to get basic things to live. It is usually used to describe conditions in the Third World.
10) Phrase 10 was originally used in a Christian prayer and encouraged Christians to think of people with less wealth and help them out.

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頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “BEING OLD”

10-9-13 OAP

Being old
Britain now has a falling birth-rate, which means that in the future over half of the population will be over 65. Not surprisingly, we have many expressions for “old”...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) old and wise
2) over the hill
3) past it
4) pushing ninety
5) in her nineties
6) a pensioner / OAP / senior citizen
7) getting a bit long in the tooth
8) in my twilight years / second childhood
9) losing her marbles / going senile
10) an old codger / an old biddy


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) In phrase 1, the words “old” and “wise” have often been associated. This is a common collocation.
2) Phrase 2 and 3 mean that the person is too old to do a certain job or task.
3) In phrase 4, the person is nearly ninety years old.
4) In phrase 5, the person is over ninety but less than one hundred years old.
5) Phrases is 6 mean that the person has retired and is receiving a state pension. In the UK this happens at 65.
6) Phrase 7 was originally used to describe old horses and means that the person is too old for their current (work) position.
7) Phrases in 8 are more positive ways to refer to old age and retirement.
8) Phrases in 9 are saying that a person is losing their understanding of the world because of old age.
9) Phrases in 10 are very negative and probably offensive. It is best to avoid using them as they indicate a very negative attitude to old age (“codger” is a man, “biddy” is a woman).

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頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “BAD PEOPLE”

10-8-13 BAD

Bad people
Sometimes we can't stand somebody and we want a neat little phrase that sums up how we feel about them. Here are ten of the best. Be careful how you use them...!


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) A crook
2) A villain
3) A scum bag
4) An evil witch
5) A heartless bastard
6) A nasty piece of work
7) A psycho / psychopath
8) A totally ruthless (person)
9) A creep
10) A two-faced cow

How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrases 1 and 2 are saying that you consider the other person to be a criminal and an unpleasant person.
2) Phrase 3 says that the other person is morally wrong but also of extremely low status e.g. “people who rob elderly people are total scum bags”.
3) Phrase 4 is used to describe a woman who the speaker feels is very evil. Some people object to this phrase because it suggests that all witches are evil.
4) Phrase 5 describes somebody who does not have the normal human feelings of sympathy and kindness.
5) Phrase 6 describes somebody who is very unpleasant who deliberately does unpleasant things to other people.
6) Phrase 7 describes somebody who you think is both evil and crazy / mad.
7) Phrase 9 describes somebody who doesn't worry about hurting other people when making decisions.
8) Phrase 9 describes somebody who is not necessarily evil but has an odd and unpleasant personality.
9) Phrase 10 is used to describe a woman who lies to people and is pleasant to their faces but says bad things behind their backs. Some people think that 'cow' in this context is sexist.

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頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “AVOIDING GIVING INFORMATION”

10-7-13 Avoiding

Avoiding giving information

Sometimes somebody asks you a question and you don't want to give the answer. If you know the answer but you don't want them to know, you can use one of these ten phrases...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) No comment.
2) I'm not at liberty to say.
3) Wait and see.
4) Let me get back to you.
5) I'm sorry, that's confidential.
6) (Sorry) That's personal.
7) I'd rather not talk about it.
8) Mind your own business.
9) Never you mind.
10) I'll tell you when you're older.

How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrase 1 is often used by politicians and celebrities when they are asked difficult or embarrassing questions by journalists.
2) We use phrases 2 and 5 to say there is a rule that prevents you giving information.
3) Phrase 3 is refusing to tell somebody something about the near future. We often use it when we are preparing a surprise for somebody.
4) Phrase 6 is telling the other person that you consider the information to be private. You are also criticising the other person for asking.
5) Phrase 7 is a more polite way to say that the information is private and you don't want to talk about it.
6) Phrases 8 and 9 are not very polite and are criticising the other person for asking for private information.
7) Parents often say phrase 10 to their children to avoid answering difficult or embarrassing questions. Usually they have no intention of ever answering the question.


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頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “ATTITUDE TO THE FUTURE”

10-6-13 Attitude

Attitude to the future
There are some things in your life you know are going to happen one day. Here are some phrases that we use to show how we feel (positive or negative) about these future events...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) I'm (really / so) looking forward to...
2) I can't wait until...
3) I'm counting the days till...
4) Roll on...
5) I've set my heart on...
6) I'm saving up to...
7) Sooner or later I'll get round to...
8) One day, I'm going to have to...
9) I'm trying to put off... as long as I can
10) I'm (really) dreading...

How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrases 1, 2, 3, and 4 are showing a very positive feeling about something that is going to happen in the future.
2) Phrases 5 and 6 are talking about things that the speaker wants to happen. The speaker is actively trying to make these things happen.
3) Phrase 7 is something the speaker thinks she / he will do one day in the future. She / he is not very interested in doing this.
4) Phrase 8 is a little more negative but the speaker still expects he or she will do it one day.
5) Phrases 9 and 10 are things that the speaker doesn't want to do at all but in the end will have to do them.
6) We follow phrases 1, 5, 7, 9 and 10 with a gerund (-ing form) e.g. “I'm so looking forward to going on the school trip to Stonehenge”.
7) We follow phrases 2 and 3 with a sentence or clause e.g. “I can't wait until I pass FCE”.
8) We follow phrase 4 with the day or time of an event (e.g. 'Roll on next Monday. It's the day of the school pancake party.)
9) We follow phrases 6 and 8 with an infinitive verb e.g. “I'm saving up to come back and do another English course in the UK”.

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頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “ASKING SOMEBODY’S OPINION”

10-5-13 Opinion

Asking somebody’s opinion
It is a good idea to ask another person about their opinion before you tell them your opinion loudly and strongly. Maybe they completely disagree with you. Here are ten ways to ask...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) What do you think of...?
2) What do you think about...?
3) How d'you feel (about...)?
4) What d'you reckon (about...)?
5) What's your opinion of...?
6) What do think about that?
7) What are your views on...?
8) Where do you stand (on...)?
9) What would you say to... / if we...?
10) Are you aware of.....?


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrases 1, 2, 3,4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 are followed by a noun or gerund (-ing form).
2) Phrases 1 and 2 are general phrases for asking for an opinion. We can use them both formally and informally. In informal speech, 'do you' becomes 'd'you?'.
3) Phrases 3 and 4 are more informal. We can use them with 'about' and a noun or gerund phrase e.g. 'How d'you feel about having a class outside in the garden?'
4) We use phrase 6 (with that) after another sentence (e.g. They're going to build a new supermarket here. What do you think of that?).
5) Phrases 7 and 8 are more formal. You could use them in a business meeting and you might hear them on interviews on the news.
6) Phrase 9 is asking the other person's opinion of an idea or proposal. We follow 'to' with a noun or gerund and follow 'if we' with a sentence with a past verb.
7) Phrase 10 is an indirect way of asking for an opinion. We ask if the other person knows about the situation. They are then expected to react with an opinion.

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頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “ASKING FOR HELP”

10-4-13 Help

Asking for help

We all need help sometimes. In English, it is not polite to ask directly. So there are many phrases that we can say before a request to 'soften' it. Here are ten such phrases...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) Can you give me a hand with this?
2) Could you help me for a second?
3) Can I ask a favour?
4) I wonder if you could help me with this?
5) I could do with some help, please.
6) I can't manage. Can you help?
7) Give me a hand with this, will you?
8) Lend me a hand with this, will you?
9) Could you spare a moment?
10) I need some help, please.

How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrase 1 is quite a direct question to use with friends and people who you know quite well.
2) Phrase 2 is more polite. We include the words 'for a second' to show that we don't need a lot of help and that it will not be difficult.
3) Phrase 3 is a general way of introducing a request for help.
4) Phrase 4 is polite and can be used with people you don't know very well, or with your boss.
5) Phrase 5 is quite direct, and the focus is that you really need help. It's quite strong.
6) Phrase 6 shows you have a big problem. You are desperate for help. you often hear this phrase when somebody has too much work to do.
7) Phrases 7 and 8 are similar and are direct requests for help. 'Lend a hand' is a little more polite and old-fashioned than 'give me a hand.'
8) We use phrase 9 to show that we respect that the other person is really quite busy and to say that they will only need to help you for a short time.
9) Phrase 10 is a direct question and the asker does not expect the listener to say no. This is often used by people in authority e.g. bosses.

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頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “ASKING FOR APPROVAL”

10-3-13 Questions

Asking for approval

Sometimes we are not sure if it's a good idea to do something. So we need useful expressions for asking if other people agree with an idea or intended action. Here are ten phrases.

Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) Do you think it's all right to do it?
2) What do you think about (me doing that)?
3) Do you think / reckon I ought to (do it)?
4) What would you say if I (did it)?
5) Would you approve of (doing something)?
6) What is your attitude to the idea of...
7) Are you in favour of (me doing something)?
8) You are in favour of ... aren't you?
9) Do you think anyone would mind if I...
10) Do you think it would be really awful if I...

How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrases 1, 2 and 3 are quite informal ways of asking if another person agrees with an action that you are planning to do.
2) Phrases 4 and 5 are hypothetical and so sound a bit more polite. Phrases 1 to 3 suggest that speaker probably will do it. 4 and 5 suggest that the speaker won't do it if another person doesn't agree.
3) Phrase 6 is asking another person for their feelings about an imagined action. The speaker doesn't actually say that she is thinking of doing it so is making the action more remote. This phrase is quite formal.
4) In phrase 7, the action being described will seem more remote if the speaker leaves out the word 'me', in a similar way to phrase 6.
5) In phrase 8, it is important that the intonation is falling on the first 'are' and is rising on the negative verb in the question tag "aren't".
6) Phrase 9 is quite informal and is asking the listener's opinion about other people's reactions. You follow this phrase with a past tense.
7) Phrase 10 is suggesting that the speaker expects that the other person will not agree but wants to know how strongly the other person disagrees with the intended action.

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頻繁に使用される英国句 ~ Useful English phrases to know and use ~ “ASKING ABOUT FUTURE PLANS”

10-2-13 Future

Asking about future plans
With friends, we often ask about what they are planning on doing at some time in the future. Here are ten phrases that English speakers often use to ask other people what their plans are...


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
1) What are you doing tomorrow?
2) Got any plans for tomorrow?
3) What's your plan for tomorrow?
4) Are you doing anything tomorrow?
5) What's on the cards for tomorrow?
6) Busy tomorrow?
7) Have you got anything on tomorrow?
8) Have you got anything planned for tomorrow?
9) What's happening tomorrow?
10) How's tomorrow looking?


How To Use These Phrases In Your English
1) Phrase 1 is a general question and might be asked just out of curiosity.
2) Phrase 2 is a more relaxed and informal version of phrase 1.
3) Phrase 3 might imply that I have a plan, and I am asking you what your plan is. Your boss could ask this to check what you are doing.
4) Phrases 4, 6, 7 and 8 can all be used when you are hoping to arrange something with a friend or colleague.
5) Phrase 5 uses a fortune telling metaphor: “it's on the cards” means it's likely, but not certain. This expression is often used in the negative form to say we have no intention of doing something.
6) In phrase 7, note that we use the expression “I've got something going on” to indicate a definite plan.
7) Phrase 9 is a general question, similar to phrase 1.
8) Phrase 10 could be used to check that something you have planned for tomorrow with a friend is still OK. You hope the answer is: 'fine' which means your plan is still on.

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